Lipo battery is a re-powered battery of lithium-particle innovation utilizing a polymer electrolyte rather than a fluid. High conductivity semisolid polymers structure this electrolyte. The lipo batteries give higher explicit energy compared with the other lithium battery types.
It is a more current sort of battery presently utilized in numerous customer hardware gadgets. It is consistently advantageous to have an enduring battery that will furnish the most extreme usage time with less weight and small size.
This article is for the most part presents the essential Lipo battery information about Lipo Battery and its related details. Let's get into this.
This is a self-powered system, no need to worry about power outage anymore.This system is composed of solar panels, controller, Lithium Iron Phosphate Batteries, and inverter, etc.The system can convert light and heat energy into electricity and store it in lithium batteries only through daily sunlight.The stored electric energy can be used for electric vehicles, refrigerators, TVs, air conditioners and other home appliances. So not only is it pollution-free and allows you to contribute to the environment, it can also save your home money on electricity.
Lipo battery in its extended form is called a lithium-ion polymer battery. Lipo battery is a rechargeable battery used for various purposes. For example, our telecom batteries, drone batteries, medical batteries, etc. are all composed of lithium-ion batteries.One of its most common uses is in mobile phones. Since we all know that the batteries consist of having liquid material inside them. Here the lipo batteries show a remarkable distinct property. The lip battery pack has polymer electrolytes inside it.
Polymer electrolyte shows a remarkable difference from other lithium-ion batteries. It is one of the highest conductivity polymer gels available for batteries. This feature makes its specific energy very high.
Most of the gadgets that children and adults have in their hands contain lipo batteries.
The 3s lipo battery has the letter S in its name which indicates the presence of 3 cells inside the battery. These digits and alphabets are printed on the battery as an abbreviation that any electronic expert could easily make sense of.
More commonly the batteries are known as lipo battery which means that it contains only one cell. That one cell has a voltage of 3.7 v. Likewise, if we double the voltage to 2S, then there would be two cells working instead of just 1. Thus, making the voltage of the battery increased by two folds and making it to 7.4V, hence known as 2s lipo battery.
The 3s lipo battery will have 3 cells and the voltage power increased up to triple folds which will be 11.1 volts.
The lipo battery has some below-mentioned advantages. These advantages make it a worth buying product.
•High energy density
Lipo battery has high energy density as compared to other battery types of the same family. Just take the example of nickel-cadmium battery and nickel hydride battery. Since the lipo battery provides a charge of 3.6v which is comparatively much greater than other batteries.
•No Lack of Memory Effect
Lipo batteries do not show any lack of memory effect even after continuous cycles of charging and discharging. Lack of memory effect refers to lowering in battery capacity and deteriorating its health. On the other hand, nickel-cadmium shows such losses of memory effect after some charging or discharging cycles.
•Lower Discharge Rate
Lithium-ion batteries have a lower discharge rate as compared to other competitive batteries available in the marketplaces. The discharge rate of lipo batteries revolves around 1.5 to 2 percent every month, approximately.
•No Harmful Substances
Another factor is that they do not have toxic cadmium substances stored inside. Thus, making the lipo battery easy to dispose of off even if it gets damaged after completing its life. Since, the lipo batteries use lithium-ions instead of lithium-metals, thus making it is a safe and secure product to use inside mobile phones, toys, and whatnot.
Lipo batteries need very little maintenance. The user will get rid of the cyclic maintenance like other batteries if he purchases one.
As compared to other batteries available in the marketplace, the lipo battery has the advantage of having specialty cells stored inside it. The specialty cells are known for providing a high current to various applications.
Despite the modern-day technology lipo battery still has some drawbacks. Some of its disadvantages are as follows
This battery is based on many different and unique lithium elements to provide better life cycle in low cost as compared to other batteries. Lithium iron phosphate when combined with other lithium based chemicals it produces a stable battery combination.
More safety mechanisms are needed to fulfill its high standards. This is because lithium-ion needs more safety precautions to reduce its internal pressure and voltage. These steps increase the battery’s weight and reduced performance.
•Fragile Battery Structure
As lithium-ion is fragile it needs some external protection circuit to increase safety while it is operating. The built-in protection circuit prevents the cell voltage to drop during discharge.
Lipo battery is suspected to show a speedy aging process when not stored in a cool and dry place. thus, the battery needs to be stored in a favorable environment. It is not just the lithium polymer batteries that are known to slow the aging process. Rather other nickel-cadmium batteries are also showing such damage. 15 degrees Celsius is a considerable temperature to store the lipo batteries.
Battery transportation of lipo batteries is not considered favorable either through land, sea, and air if it has an excess of lithium material inside
Lithium polymer batteries are expensive to make up as compared to other nickel-cadmium batteries. They are almost 40 percent more expensive than batteries of all other types.
There are many differences between lipo battery and NiMH battery. They differ based on their chemical composition, properties, and charging abilities. Note that the lipo batteries contain lithium-ion and polymer, while the NiMH battery contains, a hybrid of nickel and metal. Thus, it marks the major difference in its technology.
Experts say that only lipo-compatible chargers must be used for charging a lipo battery. Lipo batteries need special care because of their special system of cc/cv (constant current and constant voltage). Another justification of such a statement from experts is that we face the problem of balancing. Balancing means equalizing the current of each cell in a pack.
•Purchase Chargers with Built-in Balancer
Some chargers are available in the market that contains built-in balancers. Customers usually recommend purchasing a charger that has extra built-in facilities. In this way, customers don’t need to purchase a balancer separately.
•P1 Dynamite Passport Mini Charger
I would recommend you a P1 dynamite passport mini charger. This charger has the advantage that it can charge other batteries as well as lipo batteries. These other batteries include NiCd battery, lead-acid battery, NiMH battery.
A lipo battery is usually charged comparatively slowly. This is because of its system and up-to-date technology. Where an ordinary liquid electrolyte battery is charged at about 2500-3000 mAh, a lipo battery needs to be charged only at 3 amps
•Charger for Higher Watt Batteries
Some devices have a higher charging rate, a greater number of cells, and require a battery with large capacities. If you have the same type of device, then you need to get a charger that can charge the batteries at higher wattages. For such devices too, the above-mentioned P1 dynamite passport mini charger is suitable. The above-mentioned charger can charge the batteries at higher wattage. Each port operates at about 50 watts. The latest version of this charger is also available which can operate at about 100 watts.
First, we need to understand what do the terms 2s and 4s mean. The terms 2s and 3s represent the number of cells in the battery.
•2s lipo battery
If you see the term 2s written on a lipo battery, this shows that there are 2 cells in the battery. A single cell of lipo battery provides about 3.7V and when 2 cells are combined it increases up to 7.4 V. 2s lipo batteries are available in different varieties and are operated at 7.4V. The varieties are to ensure the buyers find the one which best suits their device.
You may also find some 2S2P batteries. They are also 2s batteries, but they have 4 cells instead of 2. Their 4 cells are connected in such a way that 2 cells combine and work together as a single cell. In this way, the 4 cells function together as 2 cells and the battery is considered as a 2s battery. Among these 4 cells, the first 2 are connected in series and the other 2 are connected into the first two cells but in parallel.
This method is old and nowadays modern technology has made the construction of lipo batteries more convenient and simpler.
•4s lipo battery
A 4s lipo battery is a 4-cell battery. It is operated at 14.8V. it is also known as a 14.8V lipo battery due to its ability to work at 14.8V. A 4s lipo battery has the advantage of very high power and a long-running time. It’s found its applications mainly in laptops, 4-way flashers, and hazard lights.
•6s lipo battery
A 6s lipo battery has a pack of 6 cells. Its average voltage is said to be 22.6V. A 6s lipo battery mainly finds its applications in power radio-controlled aircraft, radio-controlled cars, and large-scale model trains.
•8s lipo battery
8S LiPo batteries run at 29.6v and come in a variety of capacities. Usually, 8s battery packs are made up of better quality lithium polymer raw material. The modern technology of 8s batteries has made each cell provide about 5000mAh capacity. Different varieties of 8s batteries are available in the market. 8s lipo batteries find their applications in wireless remote control devices.
•3.7V lipo battery
A 3.7V lipo battery is a single cell battery. The term “3.7V” is its average or nominal voltage. As the potential is utilized, the voltage drops and reaches its minimum value which is almost 3.0V for a single cell lipo battery. A 3.7V battery finds its applications mostly in laptop battery packs, telephones, electronic cigarettes, flashlights, and cordless power tools.
•7.4V lipo battery
A 7.4V lipo battery is a 2 cell battery, commonly known as a 2s battery. It comprises a pack of 2 cells each with a voltage of 3.7V. it can be easily charged by a compatible charger within 1 and a half hours or two. A 2s lipo battery or 7.4V lipo battery commonly finds its applications in small electric devices such as rechargeable fans, rechargeable flashlights, and remote-controlled toys.
Choosing the right battery for your device is one of the most important steps to increase your device’s life and maintain its good health. Following are some important factors to note while choosing a lipo battery.
When you buy a lipo battery you should note that when the battery is fully charged, its cells should be at 4.2V. After using, when the battery is fully discharged, its cells must not be a potential difference of less than 3V.
Another important factor to be noted is that of capacity. This term concerning battery can be understood well by considering it as a fuel tank of a car. A bigger fuel tank has more capacity of fuel has the ability to run the car for more time. The same is the case with the battery. A 6000mAh battery can run the device with full power and for a longer period of time. One should look for the battery which one’s device will support.
The weight of the battery is also an important factor to be considered while buying a lipo battery. Consider it as your phone battery. Customers mostly prefer lightweight batteries. Batteries with a higher capacity normally have greater capacity. So choose the one which your model supports.
The manufacturers try to be consistent in the size of batteries. The battery should fit within the space available in your device. Sometimes buyers may have to face the issue of dimensions. Even a difference of 2-3mm in dimensions can be a hurdle in fitting in your device.
Discharge is the amount of power your battery can supply. A wattmeter should be used before buying a lipo battery to check the demand of your device.
Another factor mentioned on the batteries is 'Burst' rate, burst rate means the amount t of power your battery can supply for a very short period i-e about 10-25 seconds. Commonly batteries display 20-30C which shows a 2000mAh battery will supply about 30000mAh constantly.
The lower amperage you charge your batteries with, the longer it will take to charge your batteries. Slower charging is always best for the health of your battery. If charging rate “C” is not displayed then to be safe, recharge it at the rate of 1C.
To calculate the maximum continuous current output for the battery, one should know about the voltage of the battery he is using and as well as the capacity of the battery. Dividing the capacity of the battery with the ampere per hour current driven by it will dictate the maximum continuous current output for the battery.
If we suppose that the battery has a total voltage of 4.2 volts, then every cell must have a storage capacity of 3.6 volts to 3.8 volts. So, that the battery’s full capacity of storage will be somewhere between 85 percent to 90 percent of the battery which is assumed to be fully charged.
Note that these statistics will be viable only when the battery is said to be at rest.
If we look at the types of Lipo batteries it is inferred that the lipo batteries are mainly of the four below-mentioned types.
•Lithium iron phosphate battery
•Lithium-ion ternary battery
•Lithium cobalt oxide battery
•Lithium-ion manganese oxide battery
From these battery types of lipo batteries, the lithium-iron-phosphate battery is considered one of the best lipo batteries.
Its features and a`dvantages make it very much consumer-friendly as well as convenient to use. Know that lifepo4 batteries have good electrochemical performance taking into view the reactions going on inside the battery cell.
It produces high current, provides good thermal stability no matter if the battery gets heated up, it offers end-to-end protection to the user as well as the manufacturer because it does not have excessive chemical substances inside.
In addition to this, long battery life, availability of raw materials, and very little production of environmental pollution makes this product plays its role in fulfilling the corporate social responsibility.
On the other hand, the batteries having cobalt, ternary, and manganese do not show all such advantages in one pack only.
Following hacks will ultimately help the user in taking care of the lipo battery to ensure its safety and better performance.
•Never strike a battery at hard surfaces.
•Try never to drop the battery. Any deformation may result in reduced battery life.
•Never try to deform, detach or open the battery’s structure. This may result in leakage of toxic materials that will be harmful as well as damaging to the battery.
•As mentioned above, batteries are extremely flammable, never dispose of them in the fire.