As a high-precision and high-efficiency welding technology, battery laser welding plays an important role in the manufacture of lithium battery packs. This article will introduce the application of battery laser welding technology in lithium battery packs, and discuss its advantages and future development prospects.
1. Advantages of battery laser welding technology
The application of battery laser welding technology in lithium battery pack including ternary lithium battery and lifepo4 battery has the following advantages:
High-precision welding: Battery laser welding can achieve micron-level weld seam control, making the welding connection more uniform and reliable.
Small heat-affected zone: Battery laser welding has the characteristics of high energy density and rapid heating, which makes the heat-affected zone extremely small and reduces thermal damage to surrounding materials.
High efficiency and automation: Laser welding has the ability of high-speed welding and automatic operation, which can greatly improve production efficiency and quality stability.
No need for welding materials: Battery laser welding is a non-contact welding technology that does not require additional welding materials, reducing material costs and pollution.
2. Key technology of battery laser welding in lithium battery pack production line
Lithium battery laser welding machine battery module automatic production line, generally including battery loading, scanning code, testing, cleaning, sorting, module stacking, stacking inspection, module welding, welding inspection, module unloading and other processes .
Material transfer system, self-adaptive system, visual positioning system, MES manufacturing execution management, etc. are the key technologies in battery laser welding, and also important technical support for adapting to small-batch and multi-variety production forms.
Material transfer system
From cell loading to final module unloading, the entire material transfer is completed through the material transfer system. The material transfer system can also flexibly expand the station according to the adjustment requirements of the process. The transfer between different stations does not require manual operation.
The module positioning plate has a product size adjustment mechanism, which can adapt to the clamping of modules of different sizes, and is very suitable for the production needs of small batches and multiple varieties.
In the production process of battery packs, pouch, prismatic, and cylinders are the most common types of incoming battery packs. After batteries of different types and sizes are stacked into battery packs of different sizes, they need to be adapted after each process. Adaptive system to ensure the linkage of the whole line beat. Especially in the welding process, the packing process can only be completed if modules of different sizes are adapted.
The self-adaptive system adopts multi-axis combined linkage to implement position positioning in the product processing area, and is not restricted by any form of incoming materials, completes the welding work and transmits it to the next process.
Visual positioning system
Cell welding surface cleaning, module marking, and busbar welding are usually done by laser processing. After the battery module is assembled, the dimensional tolerance is often large, and it is difficult to meet the gap position size requirements for laser processing, resulting in a rapid decline in processing quality.
The introduction of the visual positioning system can meet the needs of precise positioning, and the accuracy can reach ± 0.05mm. Through visual camera data collection, and feed back the deviation of incoming materials to the control system, high-precision positioning of the processing position is realized.
MES manufacturing execution management system
From cell loading to final module unloading, the parameters, data, and other incoming material information of each process can be quickly queried and analyzed in a timely manner through the MES system, truly achieving process controllability and high productivity.
The process data package in the battery laser welding process is directly integrated in the MES system. In order to facilitate users to call and switch, the whole set of MES system can directly build the production line into a quasi-unmanned production workshop, and manual labor only needs to replenish materials at the periphery, which improves safety.
3. Application of battery laser welding in lithium battery pack
The application of battery laser welding technology in lithium battery pack mainly includes the following aspects:
Battery cell connection: Battery laser welding can realize the connection between battery cells to ensure the reliability and stability of the connection. Through laser welding, high-strength welds can be achieved, improving the overall performance of the battery pack.
Battery pack connection: Battery laser welding can be used to different battery hookup, ensuring electrical and mechanical connection between modules. The high precision and high efficiency of laser welding make the module connection more firm and reliable.
Conductive sheet connection: Laser welding can be used to connect conductive sheets and battery cells to realize current transmission. The high energy density of battery laser welding can quickly complete the welding process and ensure the stability and conductivity of the connection.
4. Application and welding advantages of laser welding equipment in energy storage batteries
The energy storage battery is a whole composed of battery energy storage equipment, PCS and filtering links. In the field of laser welding of energy storage batteries, pulsed lasers, continuous lasers, and quasi-continuous lasers are currently the most used.
- Pulse laser: YAG laser, MOPA laser;
- Continuous laser: continuous semiconductor laser, continuous fiber laser;
- Quasi-continuous laser: QCW laser series.
The welding advantages of laser welding equipment in terms of energy storage batteries include the following aspects:
The welding process is non-contact welding, and the internal stress of the welding rib is reduced to the minimum during the welding process;
The welding process does not produce other flashes and other released substances to prevent secondary pollution;
The strength and airtightness of the welding are high, which can meet the functional requirements;
Battery laser welding can meet the welding between different substances, and can also realize the connection technology between membrane materials and heterogeneous substances;
Battery laser welding is convenient for automatic integration, and can also achieve synchronous laser welding process schemes according to production capacity needs, with high efficiency and small welding internal stress;
The structure involved in battery laser welding is simple and convenient, and the difficulty factor of the mold structure is reduced;
The welding process can realize digital intelligent monitoring, which meets the needs of data visualization in the welding process;
This type of welding process scheme can be effectively integrated with automated production lines, meeting the needs of mass production schemes, achieving high-efficiency production, and low consumption.
5. The future development prospect of battery laser welding
The application of laser welding technology in lithium battery packs is still developing and has broad prospects:
Further improve efficiency: With the continuous innovation and improvement of laser welding technology, its welding speed and quality will be further improved, further improving production efficiency and reducing costs.
Adapt to a variety of materials: Battery laser welding technology can be applied to different types of materials, including different battery cells and conductive sheet materials, which improves applicability and flexibility.
Develop intelligent production: The combination of laser welding technology and intelligent production can realize automatic operation and real-time monitoring, and improve production efficiency and quality control.
The application of battery laser welding technology in lithium battery packs has a wide range of advantages, including high-precision welding, small heat-affected zone, high efficiency and automation.
With the continuous development and innovation of technology, the application prospect of battery laser welding in the manufacture of lithium battery energy storage pack is very broad. It will continue to promote the development of lithium battery energy storage technology for top 10 energy storage lithium battery companies and provide reliable support for the promotion and application of clean energy.