How many volts is a car battery the full picture of car battery voltage



1.What is battery voltage?

The battery voltage is the potential difference between the two electrodes of the battery. How many volts does a car battery have is determined by its cathode and anode materials, so batteries of different materials have different voltages. The lithium-ion battery voltage is one of the important indicators to measure the discharge performance of the lithium battery. It represents the potential difference between the positive and negative terminals of the lithium battery in a certain state. The operating voltage of a lithium-ion battery cell is usually 3.7V or 3.2V. This article will elaborate comprehensive information about the car battery voltage.

2.What is the normal voltage of a car battery? At what voltage is a car battery bad?

The car battery is the power source that provides the power source for the tool, and mostly refers to the battery that provides power for vehicles, golf carts, trolling motor and motorcycles. It is mainly different from the starter battery used for starting the car engine, which mostly uses valve-sealed lead-acid battery and open tubular lead-acid battery.

What is the normal voltage of a car battery At what voltage is a car battery bad


The power battery module is composed of multiple battery packs in series and parallel. In the no-load state, the normal car battery voltage range is about 13v, and the load voltage is normally not lower than 11v. If the voltage is lower than this, it may be difficult to start. Since the generator starts to generate electricity after starting, the normal voltage of the car battery should be between 13.5v-14.5v.

3.Which are the factors that affect the car battery voltage?

There are such factors that can affect the car battery voltage given below:

① Duration of use

The car battery voltage range is affected by the mileage. Electrochemical reactions will occur during battery discharge and charging, which may generate gas or insoluble substances, which will consume ions and electrolytes in the solution, thereby increasing the internal resistance, resulting in a decrease in voltage.

② Temperature and environment

Weather is considered one of the main causes of battery voltage change by atmospheric pressure, temperature, moisture and other factors. In the wintertime, the weather becomes harsh and cold, affecting your car battery's performance. It can lead to a decrease in the car's battery voltage.

③ Load-magnitude

If the load of the car battery is high (small resistance, large power supply), the battery voltage will decrease, and the excessive load may cause damage to the battery.

④ Dust - rust- grime

If your car battery is getting rusty or dirty, the chemistry inside changes and can affect the vehicle's performance by raising or lowering the car battery voltage range. If this happens often enough, your vehicle may not start when you need it most.

4.How many volts is a car battery while running?

How many volts is a car battery while running


When you turn on your car's engine, the amount of current required to start the engine can fluctuate due to heat and altitude, so the exact voltage that needs to be delivered by the alternator will vary from day to day. When your vehicle runs, it gives the car battery voltage range reading between 13.2-14.8v. A fully charged battery is usually between 12.5V-13V, while an undercharged battery has a reading of 12.4V at 75% charge. The 11.5V indicates fully discharged battery voltage - both points in this range indicate reduced performance voltage levels.

5.How many volts is a fully charged car battery?

A fully charged car battery has a voltage of 12.6 volts. A battery contains six cells, which equals 2.1volts per cell. Portions of the battery are connected in series, which causes an increase in voltage or power when you change your vehicle. A fully charged battery should maintain its rated capacity without being drained from its state of charge.

6.How many amps and volts is a car battery?

How many volts is car battery and amps of your car battery do not determine the maximum speed at which you can drive your vehicle. They determine appropriate charging, starting, and usage limits for all automotive batteries. The greater the pressure or voltage a battery produces, the longer it will last. The amps are referring the more volume of electricity. Many car batteries are 12V and its charging current is generally one-tenth of the battery capacity. For example, if charging a 12v 50ah car battery, its charging current is 5A. Some high-end systems may start at a much higher voltage.

How many amps and volts is a car battery

7.What is car battery voltage chart in different types? Which car battery has better performance?

Different type of car battery voltage chart is given below:

① Lithium-ion battery

The car battery voltage chart of the best lithium batteries is shown below, it will help you understand the parameters of the lithium battery more intuitively, and there is no doubt that it has better performance.




100% (charging)


100% (resting)





















② Lead-acid battery

























③ NICD car batteries

NICD car battery voltage chart

④ NiMH car batteries

NiMH car battery voltage chart


The energy density of lithium-ion batteries is almost double that of lead-acid and nickel-metal hydride batteries. The smaller size means a more flexible design but also minimizes the weight and volume required for transportation. Lithium-ion batteries are safer and more environmentally friendly than these other batteries because they do not contain heavy metals or toxic waste chemicals like sulfuric acid or mercury. It makes them completely batter in performance and safe for humans to handle.

8.What is the difference between different car battery voltages?

What is the difference between different car battery voltages


There are three major car battery voltages: deep cycle, starter and automotive. Each of these has particular requirements, but many similarities exist among them. The standard value of how many volts is car battery is 12 volts (nominal). Car batteries use the same basic components to power the car, but they can be charged in different ways and at different voltages.

Types of batteries

Voltages of batteries

Golf cart batteries

The standard golf cart will have four, six, or eight batteries. It will use 36-volt or 48-volt batteries housed in a single system that looks like a large box.

Motorcycle batteries

The majority of motorcycle batteries are lithium-ion batteries. Lithium-ion batteries can be either 48v, 60v or 72v. If these batteries are in good condition, they will generate a voltage within tolerance. 

Electric bicycle batteries

Electric bikes come with either a 48-volt or 52-volt battery. The choice and difference are that a 52V battery will last longer, perform better, and can deliver more power.

Trolling motor batteries

Motorized trolling motors are available in four voltage options: 12-volt, 12/24-volt, 24-volt, and 36 volts. The more volts a motor has, the bigger the electric motor is and the faster it spins. It means more power at the propeller shaft translates to increased performance.


Drone batteries

A lithium polymer battery is the best possible material for drone batteries. Its fully charged voltages are 4.2V, 8.4V, 12.6V, and 16.8V.