How to choose high efficiency solar panels for your house



Most solar panels on the market today have a solar energy conversion efficiency of 15% to 20%. In the context of this guide, high-performance solar modules with an efficiency rating between 19% and 23% are called high efficiency solar panels.

1. What are high efficiency solar panels?

Today, monocrystalline PERC and N-type IBC solar cells have achieved efficiencies ranging from 18% to 20% and above. This sets a new standard for high efficiency solar panels in house of the future, as commercial solar panels start to exceed 20% to 22% peak operating efficiency. What's more, extensive research into photovoltaic solar energy is being carried out, and new technologies are constantly being unveiled in high efficiency grades.

Most high efficiency solar panels use monocrystalline solar cells, not polycrystalline. However, there are some decent quality polysilicon solar panels that can achieve efficiencies in excess of 17%, making them an affordable option as home energy storage for some more spacious, larger sized residential roofs. Monocrystalline cells are generally more efficient than polycrystalline cells, but they are also generally more expensive.

What are high efficiency solar panels


In contrast, a solar panel can be considered a high efficiency solar panels if it is sold at the manufacturer's efficiency rating above 17%. This means that the solar cells within the panel can convert 17% of the energy of the sunlight hitting the surface area of the panel. While 17% sunlight-to-electricity conversion efficiency might not sound like a lot, it's important to understand that all energy conversions have some energy loss, and the amount of sunlight the Earth receives is indeed abundant.

2. Top 10 high efficiency solar panels and brands




Conversion rate


Maxeon 3

400 W

22.6 %


Neon R

405 W

22.3 %



405 W

21.9 %



380 W

21.7 %


Tiger Pro 6Rl3

585 W

21.4 %


Silk Pro

440 W

21.16 %


Vertex S

405 W

21.1 %

Canadian Solar


420 W

20.4 %



400 W

20.2 %

Q Cells

Peak Duo G6+

345 W

19.5 %

3. How do high efficiency solar panels work?

Photovoltaic solar panels work by converting sunlight into electricity. Solar panels consist of solar cells made of silicon semiconductors that generate an electrical current that activates the movement of electrons when sunlight or photons from the sun (the weightless, wave-like energy-carrying particles that form sunlight) hit the solar cells. Perovskite solar cells are a type of solar cells, and our website also organizes perovskite solar cell companies to help you understand the development of the solar cell industry. Here, the solar cell efficiency percentage determines how efficiently solar energy is converted into electricity.

High efficiency solar panels consist of a wide variety of cells, and while some makes and models can be as low as 30 or as high as 144 or more, most residential solar panels consist of 60 to 72 individual solar cells. While the number of individual panels can help, it's important for homeowners to understand high-efficiency and high-power solar panels. Designed to provide maximum space saving benefits by delivering high power generation capacity in a relatively small panel size. This is often required for small residential roofs (in North America) with limited south-facing space.

How do high efficiency solar panels work


Solar cell efficiency vs overall panel efficiency: Due to the spacing between the cells within the panel, some energy is lost in the process, and the total panel efficiency will be slightly lower than the efficiency rating of the individual solar cells contained in the panel or module.

4. What are the pros and cons of high efficiency solar panels?

The main advantage of high efficiency solar panels is that you can have a powerful solar panel system with a small footprint. This is an important benefit, especially for homes with a limited amount of south-facing roof real estate. High efficiency solar panels can be significantly more expensive. Lower energy efficiency degradation rates translate into higher energy savings for your home over time. The energy efficiency benefits of a given panel need to be weighed against the total cost of the system to get the best ROI.

5. Additional considerations for high efficiency solar panels for home

Of course, efficiency isn't everything when it comes to choosing high efficiency solar panels for your house. While a high efficiency rating is certainly one of the most qualified signs of a good solar panel, many other factors affect whether it is the best choice for any particular installation. Below, we'll outline some other important specifications for residential high efficiency solar panels to consider outside of their efficiency ratings.

● Watts

Second only to efficiency, high power solar panels can convert more electricity. While most high energy, high efficiency solar panels today are rated at 300W and above, the total power rating of a solar panel is directly related to the amount of solar power possible.

● Warranty period

Most high-quality, high efficiency solar panels on the market today come with a 15-year, 20-year, 25-year or more warranty on parts, production and accessories. If you are about to invest in your property's electricity for the next twenty years, we strongly recommend that you choose high efficiency solar panels with at least a 20-year warranty. After purchase, you may need to register your warranty on the manufacturer's website.

● Temperature

Coefficient The temperature coefficient rating of a high efficiency solar panels indicates the ideal operating temperature of your renewable energy system. Like many electronics, solar panels work best in cooler conditions, so the efficiency of a solar panel system can actually decrease at extremely high temperatures. Of course, this also typically encounters extra sunlight for a lot of power generation.

Manufacturers evaluate their panels using temperature coefficients, which are usually shown as a range between two negative numbers. Most high quality solar panels have a temperature coefficient between -0.3 and -0.5. When the coefficient is lower (that is, the negative number is closer to 0), the solar panel performs better at higher temperatures.

Additional considerations to choose high efficiency solar panels for home


● Price

The price of a high efficiency solar panel is determined by the manufacturer, the cost required to make the solar panel, and the quality of the materials. When looking at solar panel prices, keep in mind that funding for your system can help you save on both near- and long-term electricity costs.

● Size

On roofs where space is limited, or even on RVs, the actual size of solar panels can become extremely important when designing residential systems. Efficiency is critical here, as homes with limited areas of direct sunlight must utilize every square inch of available space. Conversely, properties with lots of south-facing roof space may not need power-dense and efficient solar panels if the same results can be produced with cheaper, larger or less efficient modules.

● Availability

With limited availability, buying your dream solar panel may not always be feasible. For this reason, it is advisable to work with a local installer when considering high efficiency solar panels for residential use. Experts in your area often already have the necessary supply chain in place, allowing you to use efficient panels designed and sourced for local conditions.

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