On April 11, 1958, Chairman Mao Zedong instructed to promote biogas.
On August 31, 1965, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council issued the "Instructions on Solving the Problem of Firewood Burning in Rural Areas."
On August 30, 1974, Premier Zhou Enlai personally asked about the development of new energy and instructed the National Defense Science and Technology Commission and the Chinese Academy of Sciences to write a more detailed material on the use of solar energy.
On April 11, 1975, the National Commission for Discipline Inspection, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences jointly held a national biogas utilization and promotion experience exchange meeting in Sichuan.
In 1977, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry prepared to establish a biogas office.
On January 20, 1979, the preparatory group of the New Energy Professional Group of the State Science and Technology Commission was established in Beijing. The State Science and Technology Commission designated the Ministry of Water and Power to take the lead, with Zhang Bin as the team leader, and Qi Ming, Lin Hanxiong, Zhu Bofang, Cui Xuan, and Bai Fan as the deputy team leaders. The five professional groups are solar energy, wind energy, biomass energy (biogas), geothermal and magnetic fluid power generation. The grouping of ocean energy is yet to be determined.
In March 1979, the Biomass Energy Group of the New Energy Specialty Group of the State Science and Technology Commission held its first working symposium in Hangzhou.
On May 16-20, 1979, at the invitation of the Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association of the Federal Government, the Ministry of Agriculture sent Zhejiang Agricultural University Qian Zeshu and Southwest Architectural Design Institute Zhang Wei to participate in the International Biogas Conference in Bremen The professional group meeting introduced the development of biogas in China.
On September 1, 1979, a 19-member delegation of biogas from the United Nations Ministry of Technical Cooperation and Development from 14 countries inspected China's biogas construction.
On September 6, 1979, the establishment of the Chinese Solar Energy Society and the second national experience exchange meeting on solar energy utilization was held in Xi'an.
On September 27, 1979, Beijing Solar Energy Research Institute was established.
On September 28, 1979, the Fourth Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China adopted the "Decisions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Several Issues Concerning Accelerating Agricultural Development", which pointed out that biogas should be vigorously promoted.
On March 5, 1980, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council issued the "Instructions on Vigorously Carrying out Tree Planting and Afforestation", which required large-scale implementation of biogas and active development of fuelwood forests in areas with difficulty in burning wood.
In August 1980, the magazine "Solar Energy", edited by the Chinese Solar Energy Society, was launched and officially issued nationwide.
On October 18, 1980, the country's first rural energy academic seminar was held in Beijing, and the China Biogas Association was established.
On January 7, 1981, the second energy policy research symposium and the founding meeting of the China Energy Research Association were held in Beijing.
On March 20, 1981, the inaugural meeting of the Biomass Energy Professional Group of the Chinese Solar Energy Society was held in Chengdu with 44 representatives.
On April 2-10, 1981, the National Science and Technology Commission and the Ministry of Geology and Mineral Resources jointly held the Sino-US Geothermal Technology Symposium and the US Geothermal Exhibition in Tianjin, with 200 representatives.
On August 10-21, 1981, the United Nations Conference on New Energy and Renewable Energy was held in Nairobi, Kenya. Wu Heng, deputy director of the National Science and Technology Commission, led a delegation to attend the meeting.
On October 20, 1981, the National Biogas Construction Leading Group commissioned the agricultural film studio to shoot the color science and education film "China Biogas". The Akahan International Construction Prize Seminar was held in Beijing for the first time with 90 experts from more than 40 countries. It was screened in Shanghai, which was appreciated by the participants, and more than 170 copies were released nationwide by the end of the year.
On November 16, 1982, the second national rural energy academic seminar was held in Sichuan.
On April 7, 1983, the national standard "Household Biogas Stoves" was promulgated and implemented.
On October 31, 1984, the first meeting of the State Council’s Rural Energy Leading Group was held in Beijing.
In November 1984, the Chinese Society of Electrical Engineering established the Wind Energy Professional Committee.
In March 1985, "Wind Power" magazine was launched, and the first issue was printed and published.
In 1986, the national standard for flat panel solar collector product technical conditions was promulgated and implemented. On May 11, 1987, China introduced a Canadian solar water heater core production line and held a groundbreaking ceremony at the Beijing Solar Energy Research Institute.
On December 2, 1987, the third rural energy academic seminar was held in Anhui. The meeting put forward suggestions on strengthening rural energy work to the State Council.
On December 9, 1987, the International Firewood-Saving Stove Promotion Foundation (FWD) China Center was established in Beijing.
In 1989, the national standard for the technical conditions of small wind turbines was promulgated and implemented.
In 1990, a total of 476.63 x 104 households used biogas (including 6.39 x 104 households with centralized gas supply), with an annual biogas production of 10.42 x 108 m3; development of 1593 biogas supply stations, supplying 6.4 × 104 households; cumulative promotion of solar drying devices of 7,369 m2, solar energy Greenhouse 3253 x 104 m2, solar cooker 11.79 x 104; promotion of micro-water, wind, solar and biogas power generation 13.11 x 104kw, wind power generator 10.36 x 104 (installed capacity 1.29 x 104kW), 143 biogas generator set (installed capacity of 2077kW); A total of 658 geothermal areas have been developed; the installed capacity of small hydropower is 1318 x 104kW, and the power generation capacity is 392.8 x 108 kW•h.
On July 22, 1991, the Chinese Biogas Association was approved by the Ministry of Civil Affairs and changed its name to the Chinese Biogas Association, which is a national first-level society.
On September 5, 1991, the Ministry of Water Resources, the Ministry of Energy, and the Rural Energy Professional Committee of the China Energy Research Society jointly conducted an acceptance appraisal of the largest large-scale wind farm in Xinjiang Chaigoupu in China.
In October 1991, a 10kW photovoltaic power station in Geji County, Tibet was completed and put into use. This power station is the first large-scale photovoltaic power station in Tibet and the highest photovoltaic power station in the world.
On June 3, 1992, the China Rural Energy Industry Association was established.
In December 1992, the Environmental Energy Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and the China Rural Energy Industry Association jointly compiled and printed the "China Rural Energy Products Directory", which collected rural energy products and equipment produced by more than 100 enterprises across the country.
On December 29, 1993, the Sino-German cooperation agreement on the production of 250kW large-scale grid-connected wind turbines was signed in Beijing.
In December 1993, Xinjiang Electric Power Bureau used Danish grants and part of Chinese investment to install four 450kW wind turbines in Chaigoupu Wind Farm.
In 1995, there were more than 1,000 solar water heater manufacturers in China, with an annual output of about 20 x 104 vacuum tube solar water heaters, with a total industrial output value of 10 billion yuan.
In 1996, there were more than 40 vacuum glass collector tube production lines in China, with a total output of more than 2000 × 104 pieces.
In 1997, Anfeng Company launched the first all-stainless steel solar water heater in the country, and then hundreds of brands from Jiangsu and Zhejiang have swarmed, and solar water heaters have since reached a new level.
In 1998, the three provinces of Shandong, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang launched solar water heaters one after another, bringing the number of solar water heater manufacturers across the country to more than 2,000 with 500,000 employees.
In 2000, China's total industrial and commercial output value in the new energy industry exceeded 100 billion yuan, with 2 million employees and over 10,000 industrial and commercial enterprises.
In 2001, the total use of solar water heaters in China reached 2000 x 104 m2.
In 2003, the state invested 1 billion yuan in national debt funds to support farmers to build biogas.
In 2003, Tibet's Shigatse Science and Technology Bureau built the world's highest biogas digester in this area, changing the view that Tibet cannot build biogas.
In December 2004, China's "Renewable Energy Law" was submitted to the National People's Congress for deliberation for the first time.
On February 28, 2005, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress passed the "Renewable Energy Law", which is scheduled to be implemented on January 1, 2006.
In April 2005, China's first large-scale biogas project (biogas power unit)
Obtained a national patent.
In May 2005, Deli Solar, China's first solar company, successfully went public in the United States.
In June 2005, Beijing held the first energy saving exhibition, based on the promotion of new energy.
On November 7, 2005, the International Renewable Energy Conference was held in Beijing.
On January 1, 2006, the "Renewable Energy Law of the People's Republic of China" was implemented; on January 4, the National Development and Reform Commission promulgated the "Trial Measures for the Administration of the Price and Cost Allocation of Renewable Energy Power Generation"; on January 12, the State Council Information Office A press conference was held in the Great Hall of the People to release the supporting policies and detailed rules of the "Renewable Energy Law"; on January 12, the China Renewable Energy Development Forum was held in Beijing; on January 20, the National Development and Reform Commission promulgated the " Relevant Management Regulations on Renewable Energy Power Generation; On May 20, the Three Gorges Dam was completed; on October 27, the Three Gorges Reservoir completed the 156-meter water storage target, and the three major functions of flood control, power generation, and navigation were fully implemented.
In 2007, according to incomplete statistics, as of 2007, China’s installed hydropower capacity had reached 117 million kilowatts (of which small hydropower was 38 million kilowatts); grid-connected wind power installed capacity was 2.6 million kilowatts, and it also produced off-grid small wind power below 30 kilowatts each year. There are more than 30,000 generating units; more than 2 million kilowatts of biomass power generation, 22 million household biogas digesters in rural areas, providing clean living fuel for 80 million farmers; more than 1,500 large biogas digesters, with an annual gas output of more than 1 billion cubic meters The production capacity of photovoltaic power generation has reached more than 2,000 megawatts. Last year, it produced nearly 400 megawatts, with 80 megawatts installed; the annual production capacity of solar water heaters has reached more than 18 million square meters, and the cumulative total has reached 90 million square meters; the annual utilization of geothermal energy is 4.45 100 million cubic meters, ground source heat pump technology has been used in 30 million square meters of buildings.
On January 26, 2008, the FBBR expert review meeting was held in Beijing, which will promote the rapid development of the commercialization and industrialization of biogas projects.
On May 21, 2009, Vice Minister of Finance Zhang Shaochun stated at the National Fiscal New Energy and Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction Working Conference in Beijing that he will focus on ten key tasks in the future to support the development of new energy and energy conservation and emission reduction. This is also the current situation. Implementing the important content of a proactive fiscal policy; the development of new energy and energy-saving and environmental protection industries is a major measure to seize the commanding heights of future industrial development and improve international competitiveness. It is also an effective way to transform the mode of economic development and promote sustainable development.
The Ministry of Finance requires that to support the development of new energy and energy conservation and emission reduction, it must be based on the market mechanism and the dominant position of enterprises, and comprehensively use various policy measures, especially public financial policies, to provide guidance and support. In the current situation of responding to the international financial crisis, financial departments at all levels must combine the response to the financial crisis with the establishment of a medium and long-term emerging industry development mechanism, and strive to support the development of new energy and energy conservation and environmental protection industries, and cultivate new economic growth points.
The Ministry of Finance requires that ten key tasks should be focused on in the future:
1. Vigorously support the large-scale development of wind power, start the development and construction of large-scale wind power bases on the basis of good wind energy resource evaluation and planning, and establish a relatively complete wind power industry system.
2. Implement the "Golden Sun" project and adopt financial subsidies to accelerate the launch of China's photovoltaic power generation market.
3. Carry out pilot projects for demonstration and promotion of energy-saving and new energy vehicles, and adopt financial subsidies to encourage 13 cities, including Beijing and Shanghai, to promote the use of energy-saving and new energy vehicles in the fields of public transportation and rental.
4. Speed up the implementation of ten key energy-saving projects, support enterprise energy-saving technological transformation, promote energy-saving transformation of large public buildings and existing residential buildings, and encourage the development of contract energy management.
5. Accelerate the elimination of outdated production capacity, implement the local government responsibility system, and the central government will adopt a special transfer payment method to reward underdeveloped areas for eliminating outdated production capacity in 13 industries such as electricity and steel.
6. Support the construction of urban sewage pipe network, expand the scope of rewards, and actively promote the industrialization of sewage treatment.
7. Support ecological environmental protection and pollution control, increase water pollution control in key river basins, promote enterprises to strengthen pollution control, strengthen rural environmental protection, and explore cross-basin ecological environmental protection compensation mechanisms.
8. Implement the "Energy-saving Products Benefiting People Project", adopt indirect subsidies to consumers, and expand the use and consumption of energy-saving and environmentally-friendly products.
9. Support the development of a circular economy and implement cleaner production in an all-round way.
10. Support energy-saving and emission-reduction capacity building, focusing on establishing and improving the energy efficiency standard labeling system, energy-saving statistics, reporting and auditing systems, and strengthening environmental supervision and management capacity building.
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